Sciatica or sciatic neuralgia is a commoncondition in which one of the spinal nerve roots of the sciatic nerve is compressed resultingin lower back, buttock and leg pain. Sciatic nerve is a large nerve derived from 5 spinalnerve roots: L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3. It runs from the lumbar spine through the buttockdown the leg and the foot on the posterior aspect. There is one sciatic nerve on eachside of the body. Typically, only one side of the body is affected.A typical sciatica pain is described as a sharp shooting pain in the lower back, downthe buttock, thigh and leg on one side of the body. There may also be numbness, burningand tingling sensations. The pain can get
worse with sitting, moving, sneezing, or coughing.The patterns of pain depend on which nerve root is compressed, and follow the dermatomedistribution. The most common cause of sciatica is a herniatedspinal disc. The spinal disc is a soft elastic cushion that sits in between the vertebraeof the spine. With age, the discs become rigid and may crack, the gellike center of thedisc may protrude out and become a herniation outside the normal boundaries of the disc.Disc herniation presses on the nerve root as it exits the spine.In majority of the cases the condition resolves by itself after a few weeks of rest and conservativetreatment. Pain relief, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory
drugs and muscle relaxants may be prescribed.Stretching exercises and physical therapy may be recommended.Surgery may be needed if the pain doesn't go away after 3 months or more of conservativetreatments. The herniated disc may be removed in a procedure called discectomy. Or, in anotherprocedure called laminotomy, part of the bone of the vertebrae may be cut to make room forthe nerve.
TENS Unit for Pain Management EMS for Muscle Rehab Ask Jo
Hey everybody, it's Jo. Today I'm gonnatalk about TENS units and EMS units. Hmm, lot of letters. What do those meané I, forone, am a big believer in these products. The TENS unit stands for Transcutaneous ElectricalNerve Stimulation. And an EMS stands for Electrical Muscle Stimulation. So they're a little different,and I think people get confused sometimes. The TENS is more for a pain reliever typeof thing. I recently had hip surgery, and I have to say the TENS was on me every singleday, twice a day, and it took away the need to use pain medication. So if you have reactionsto pain medication, this might be a good alternative to get some of that pain out of there, relaxyour muscles and be able to do the things
that you need to be able to do. The ElectricalMuscle Stimulation, the EMS, is used to help gain muscle back, so it actually contractsthe muscle. It's a different feeling, sometimes it's slightly uncomfortable, but it's a gooduncomfortable, I think, because it's making those muscles work. The TENS to me has thisvibration feel, which is really comfortable, I like it. Some people aren't a huge fan,but basically in simple terms, what it does is it follows that, that vibration followsthe same pathway as the pain pathway. So it kind of cancels it out. So then that painthat you're feeling doesn't go up to the brain, that vibration goes up to the brain. So Ialways call it a little bit of a massage feeling,
and when you get a good massage, massagesare always comfortable, it's a quot;oh yeah that feels goodquot; kind of feeling and that's whatI think it feels like. The folks a FlexTone were nice enough to send us two differentTENSEMS units. This bigger unit is usually more in the that you'll see. And ithas a couple of different outlets and it's really nice. And then they sent us a moremobile one. And when I opened it up, I was surprised at how small this thing is. It isso cool, it almost looks like an oldschool cellphone which I like. But you can slip itin your pocket and then go about and do your activities throughout the day with it on.And so if you have maybe some back pain, you
can put on your back, set it for 15 minutes,have it on, it turns off by itself and then you don't have to worry about it. So it'sreally nice, I thought it was really cool, I just couldn't get over how small this is,it's probably one of the smallest ones I've seen. So this is the Pro 16 and this is theRX8000. So what I'm gonna do is show you how both of them work and just what it doeswhile it's working. You have these pads that you can use, and they're actually slightlydifferent. These are the most common pads you're gonna see, they're pretty interchangeableamongst TENS and EMS units, they just have kind of a push in with a pin right here, andthen you put them in. And then this one is
a little slightly different for the smallerone, but it just kind of snaps on. But again, they work the same. So, when you're doinga TENS, most of the time you're gonna use 4 pads. And when you're doing an EMS, you'regonna use two pads. With the TENS, they way you want to do it is a cross pattern. So theytwo here, as you can see there's two channels, you want to cross them so then the currentsgo to where you're kind of hurting. So let's say it's on the knee. If I'm hurting kindof on that knee cap area, I'm gonna put one channel here, and one channel here. So I'mgonna go ahead and do that now. So you can see they're connected there. And what's niceabout them too, is you can actually pull them
a little bit, they're connected, but you canseparate them without messing them up. So I'm gonna put one over here, then the otherone over here. And then just like that. It's best not to have lotion on your skin whenyou put these electrodes on. They are reusable so you have, you know, one set for you. Andthen what's really nice is in the big pack here, it comes with a whole bunch of themin different sizes too. So once they wear out usually after about 3 4 weeks, thenyou just get a new set. But there's also some that you can put gel on it, and they're reusableand you put the gel on it and then wipe it off, clean it off, and then you can use thoseagain. So once you have it on. Make sure it's
TENS Unit Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Pain Relief Electrode DynaMD Medical Supply
The transcutaneous electrode nervestimulation unit or TENS unit delivers modulated impulses for relief of pain.What is unique about the TENS compared to other units is its noninvasiveapproach to pain relief. The electrodes are applied on thesurface of the skin, over the patient's targeted areas of pain. Impulses are thensent as the TENS unit modulates pulse width, frequency, and intensity. Theelectrodes stimulate sensory nerves that block pain signals and trigger endorphinproduction. The TENS unit can also be used for patients with diabetes toimprove circulation and healing without
breaking the skin. It has multiple usesin treating chronic and acute types of pain. This can be used by physicians.Chiropractors can use it. Physical therapists can use it. It is as easy as patients coming right to the 's office to get their pain reliefand walk right out. For more information visit DynaMD .